From June 26 to June 30, 2017, the V Summer school on human rights «Social vulnerability: contemporary challenges and international protection» was held on the basis of the Ural State Law University (Yekaterinburg), organized by Consortium of Russian Universities implementing the joint Master's programme «International Protection of Human Rights».
The event was part of the campaign of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR) «Fight for someone's rights today», which aims to disseminate information on the rights of vulnerable groups, protect their rights and ensure respect and non-discrimination for vulnerable groups in accordance with international law.
The grand opening of the school began with welcoming words of Lev Lazutin (head of the department of international and European law of the Ural State Law University). Then spoke Marat Salikov (the first pro-rector of the Ural State Law University, professor of the department of constitutional law). He noted the complexity of the topic of human rights, as well as the difficult dialogue of the European Court of Human Rights and the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation on certain issues. Then the floor was given to Vadim Dubichev (first deputy head of the administration of the governor of the Sverdlovsk region) and he reminded the participants of the Summer school that the authors of the current Constitution of the Russian Federation, in which an important place is occupied by human rights and freedoms, are native to the Urals and graduates of the Ural State Law University.
Rashid Aluash (responsible for the joint programme of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and the Russian Federation) greeted the participants of the Summer school and pointed out the need to respect human rights in everyday life. Igor Morokov (Commissioner for Children's Rights in the Sverdlovsk Region) called for creating favorable conditions for the lives of future generations.
Mikhail Kosarev (Secretary of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Yekaterinburg) drew attention to the danger of politicization of human rights, and also spoke about the functions of the Mission in protecting the rights of Russian citizens abroad. Then, Anna Demeneva (consultant to the Office of the Human Rights Ombudsman of the Sverdlovsk Region) read out the welcome speech of Tatiana Merzlyakova (the Human Rights Ombudsman in the Sverdlovsk Region). Irina Kinzina (Head of the Office of the Ombudsman for Human Rights, on the Rights of the Child, for the Protection of the Rights of Entrepreneurs of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Area (Ugra)), in her speech, called for thinking not with problems but with opportunities to protect the rights of vulnerable groups.
The organizers of the Summer school have sounded welcome letters from the Commissioner for Human Rights of the Russian Federation Tatyana Moskalkova, from the International Department of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation, from the President of the All-Russian Public Organization of the Disabled All-Russian Society of the Deaf Valery Rukhledev and the Ombudsman for Human Rights of St. Petersburg, Alexander Shishlov.
The honorary guests of the event were: Ombudsman for Human Rights in the Voronezh Region, professor of Voronezh State University, doctor of law Tatyana Zrazhevskaya; and the head of the Regional Representation of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies in Russia, DavronMukhamadiev; professor of the Ural Federal University Olga Bogatyreva; professor of the The Liberal Arts University Alexey Semitko.
Leading experts from Consortium of Universities of Russia, professors from the universities of the European Interuniversity Center for Human Rights and Democratisation (EIUC, Venice), representatives of international organizations, experts of the UN human rights treaty bodies, representatives of state bodies and civil society.
The work of the Summer school was held in the format of plenary lectures and three thematic clusters.
With plenary lectures were made by: professor, doctor of law, head of the department of international law of the RUDN University, member of the UN Committee on economic, social and cultural rights A.Kh. Abashidze; senior researcher of the Institute of state and law of the Russian Academy of Sciences, member of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child O.A. Khazov; responsible for the joint programme of the UNHCHR and the Russian Federation, Rashid Aloash.
The programme of the Summer school includes the following three clusters: «Fight for the rights of the child», «Fight for the rights of disabled people», «Fight for the rights of refugees and migrants». Each cluster included lectures and interactive sessions.
The first cluster «Fight for the rights of the child» was devoted to the economic, social and cultural rights of the child, the problems of child participation in the decision-making process, and contemporary problems of realizing the rights of the child.
The work of the cluster was opened by the lecture of assistant professor of the Ural State Law University Tatyana Titova who gave a general description of universal and regional acts on the rights of the child, uncovered the concept of liberal paternalism laid down in the Convention on the rights of the child, and also analyzed the concept of the child enshrined in the Convention. According to the lecturer, the Convention definition of the child is universal, this is confirmed, among other things, by the conclusion of further international treaties taking into account the provisions of the Convention.
The first cluster were leadingby three foreign lecturers: Bill Bowring, Bill Rolston and Bryce Dixon (professors of UK universities). Each of them appealed to the regional European system for the protection of human rights, as well as to the social aspects of the realization of the right to education.
Anton Burkov (head of the department of European law and comparative law of The Liberal Arts University) devoted his lecture to the specific problem of the child's right to birth from a prisoner in accordance with the Convention for the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms and spoke about the strategic judicial campaign for the right of families to receive long visits with life sentenced relatives. Associate professor of the department of international and European law of the Kazan Federal University UzeirMamadov had a lecture on the international legal protection of children's rights during armed conflicts.
Three practical exercises were held during the work of the cluster. The first was devoted to the protection of children's rights in the European Court of Human Rights, it was conducted by Tatyana Titova. The second was held by the consultant of the Office of the Ombudsman for Human Rights in the Sverdlovsk Region Natalia Ulanova. In addition to the students of the Summer school, children from 8 to 12 years took part in it. The study of such urgent issues in modern society as the protection of personal data on the Internet and the manifestation of tolerance in the team took place in a game form. In the end, the children watched a cartoon dedicated to the realization of the rights of the child, and received sweet gifts and small souvenirs.
The third practical lesson was held by lawyer Galina Ibryanova. The participants were divided into three groups, each of which received a task similar to one of the practical problems with which Galina Ibryanova encountered in her advocacy practice in child protection cases.
The second cluster «Fight for the rights of persons with disabilities» was devoted to affordable remedies for the disabled, an independent way of life, options for involvement in the local community, as well as services and programs for the rehabilitation and rehabilitation of disabled people and a human rights approach to disability.
The work of the cluster began with a lecture of the consultant of the Office of the Human Rights Ombudsman of the Sverdlovsk Region Anna Demeneva. Anna considered the main obligations of states under the UN Convention on the rights of persons with disabilities and the first steps in the implementation of the Convention in Russia. In continuation of this lecture, Maxim Likhachev, an associate professor of the Ural State Law University, held a practical lesson.
Lecture of the associate professor of the Russian Academy of National Economy Ekaterina Alisievich continued the topic of mechanisms for the protection of the rights of people with disabilities, referring to the regional level, namely, to the mechanisms of protection within the Council of Europe.
Associate professor of the New University of Lisbon Elena Pereiro de Melo gave a lecture and a practical lesson, during which issues of equal opportunities for people with disabilities were discussed.
Lectures of the head of the department of the All-Russian society of the deaf, Maxim Larionov and the scientific leader and chairman of the board of the National Center for disability issues, Alexander Lysenko, aroused the audience's interest. Practical work was conducted by the director of the Sverdlovsk regional public organization for the socialization and rehabilitation of children «Pelican»ZoyaGlukhikh and the general director of the ANO Scientific and Practical Social and Educational Association «Blagoyedelo»VeraSimakova.
Also within the cluster an unusual practical lesson was conducted. Maria Gendeleva and Dmitry Radyuk (members of the universal design department of the NGO Perspektiva) spoke about the activities of the «Perspektiva» organization, which, unlike specialized societies dealing with the problems of a particular category of disabled people, provides support to all groups. For practice, participants were asked to try on special gloves simulating poor mobility of the fingers in some injuries, as well as glasses that imitate very poor eyesight. In gloves, it was necessary to perform simple actions: open a plastic bottle and pour water into a glass, and also remove the cap from the marker and sign. It turned out to be not so simple and showed that even such a small artificial restriction can cause considerable inconvenience, and people with disabilities face every day and with more serious barriers. This practice is more effective than any words that made participants feel the need to develop a universal design and provide an accessible environment.
The third cluster «Fight for the rights of refugees and migrants» provided an opportunity for participants to discuss legal and social protection and social integration of refugees and migrants, labor exploitation, discrimination based on ethnic, cultural, linguistic and religious background of migrants and refugees.
Professor Sylvie Sarolea of the Catholic University of Leuven (Belgium) conducted the first lecture and practical lesson. It raised the question of whether sovereignty is a principle, and the duty to respect the rights of migrants is an exception to this principle, or the obligation to respect the rights of migrants should be recognized as a principle (as recognized in the human rights doctrine), and the sovereign rights of the state is the exception.
Professor Boldijar Nagy of the Central European University reviewed the status of refugees and asylum seekers in the European Union. Along with refugee status, the EU law also provides for additional protection guarantees and the possibility of providing temporary protection in the event of a massive influx of migrants.
Professor of the Institute for Human Rights and Humanitarian Lawnamed R. Wallenberg Lial Sanga gave a lecture on the current difficulties in monitoring the rights of refugees, especially women and children.
Associate professor of the Kazan Federal University RustemDavletgildeev had a lecture on the international legal protection of the rights of migrant workers.
On the same day, the Open Dialogue «Ethnic communities and authorities» was held, in which Anna Chirkova (head of the Citizenship Department of the Directorate for Migration of the MOI of Russia for the Sverdlovsk Region), the Chief Expert of the Department for Migration of the Department of Migration MIA of Russia for the Sverdlovsk region Oksana Radosteva, as well as the head of the youth direction of the Sverdlovsk regional public organization «Kyrgyzstan-Ural»ShamilToktogulov. The authorities described the mechanisms for granting refugee status, political and temporary asylum, the differences between the procedure for obtaining a patent and a temporary work permit, and the special status of qualified and highly skilled workers in the Russian legislation.
The last day of the Summer school began with a lecture by Ekaterina Kiseleva(associate professor of the RUDN University)on the human rights approach to migration. Sergei Yagodin (deputy head of the department for the protection of social rights of the Office of the Human Rights Ombudsman in the Russian Federation) had a lecture on the experience of the Office of the Russian Federation Commissioner for Human Rights in relation to migrants. The lecturer dwelt on the most acute issue of acquiring Russian citizenship for citizens of Ukraine, Uzbekistan, and Kazakhstan, who often appeal to the Commissioner for the protection of their rights.
Closing in the work of the cluster was the practical training of the senior lecturer of the Ural State Law University Anatoly Teslenko, during which the question was solved whether the migrant was a legal category. The participants of the Summer school in the teams offered their answers to this question with reference to the practice of the Economic Court of the CIS, doctrinal and international legal sources.
Within the framework of the Summer school in Yekaterinburg, an annual contest «Model of the European Court of Human Rights» was held, in which seven teams from eight Consortium partner universities took part. The winner of the competition was a team of students from the Ural State Law University.
The summer school has become a platform for meetings and discussions. The participants had an excellent opportunity to expand their professional ties, gain new knowledge and share their experience in protecting the rights of vulnerable groups. For many participants this week of classes completely reversed the perception of the problems, forced them to reconsider their beliefs about the representatives of vulnerable groups and to think about their own role in resolving these problems.
Links to news about the event:
Office - High Commissioner for Human Rights in the Russian Federation:
Regional commissioners (Sverdlovsk region):
Regional commissioners (Voronezh region):
Regional commissioners (Perm Region):
Site of the Summer school:
Ural State Law University:
Ural Federal University:
The Liberal Arts University:
Kazan Federal University:
Perm State University:
Participants of the Summer school:
Red Cross -http://www.redcross.ru/news/letnyaya-shkola-po-pravam-cheloveka-ekaterinburg
Moscow State Pedagogical University -https://www.mgpu.ru/articles/2226